Do You Know What Is Alopecia?

PC. Luis Quiroz Ravines

Scientific Japanese, in 2009, discovered a gene called SOX21, that could be responsible for hair loss in men and women and at the same time in the India, a researcher found, the relationship between hair loss and hormone androgenic. According to this theory, androgenetic alopecia, it would be the unintended anabolic effect of androgens

But what is alopecia?

Modern medicine described “alopecia “as the loss of hair from the head or sometimes the body, which can reach baldness.

 Foto flickr
alopecia
 
Usually, all we lose hair every day, around about 100 hairs daily, but this loss is normal, because the body restores this lost hair. But when at a certain age, sometimes in youth, and more probably starting 30-year-old hair falls above the normal range, you can be facing the onset of alopecia, which should be treated as soon as possible.

One of the forms is called alopecia areata, which is characterized by the sudden loss of hair in a specific area, originating usually "patches" on the scalp, but sometimes also in other parts of the body.

If alopecia areata is not treated or does not respond to any treatment, it can cause baldness, known as 'alopecia totalis'

Sometimes the entire body loses hair, with effects similar to chemotherapy, in this case it's a "alopecia universalis"

Alopecia or hair loss is unintended and undesired and affects mostly men, but also women and sometimes children. Sometimes it is caused by the mechanical practices of hair salons, such as use of hot devices, chemicals, burns on the scalp, very tight braids, straightening creams, caustic solutions or others that cause so-called "traction alopecia"

A compulsive psychological situation can push people to pull out their own hair, this is a disease to be treated and is called "trichotillomania" 
In other cases the alopecia is a sign of a more serious underlying disease alarm, sometimes a lack of iron.

Alopecia – causes

The causes may be multiple, some genetic, but in general the following can be some of the causes:

Androgenic alopecia or male pattern baldness

Tinea or fungal infection

Repeated use of hot Combs

Compulsive loss of hair or Trichotillomania

hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism

scarcity or iron deficiency

desrizantes chemicals

genodermatosis / hereditary disorder

secondary syphilis

as a result of tension or stress, Telogen effluvium

Lupus Erythematosus, chronic

Lichenplanopilaris

Alopecia mucinosa

Excess of vitamian A or hypervitaminosis A

Keratosis Follicularis

Chemotherapy

Recurrent radiation

Pseudopelade of Brocq

Tufted folliculitis

Alopecia – treatments

Treatment can be medical or alternative and will be subject of an upcoming article

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