PC. Luis Quiroz Ravines
Scientific Japanese, in 2009, discovered a gene called SOX21, that could be responsible for hair loss in men and women and at the same time in the India, a researcher found, the relationship between hair loss and hormone androgenic. According to this theory, androgenetic alopecia, it would be the unintended anabolic effect of androgens
But what is alopecia?
Modern medicine described “alopecia “as the loss of hair from the head or sometimes the body, which can reach baldness.
Usually, all we lose hair every day, around about 100 hairs daily, but this loss is normal, because the body restores this lost hair. But when at a certain age, sometimes in youth, and more probably starting 30-year-old hair falls above the normal range, you can be facing the onset of alopecia, which should be treated as soon as possible.
One of the forms is called alopecia areata, which is characterized by the sudden loss of hair in a specific area, originating usually "patches" on the scalp, but sometimes also in other parts of the body.
If alopecia areata is not treated or does not respond to any treatment, it can cause baldness, known as 'alopecia totalis'
Sometimes the entire body loses hair, with effects similar to chemotherapy, in this case it's a "alopecia universalis"
Alopecia or hair loss is unintended and undesired and affects mostly men, but also women and sometimes children. Sometimes it is caused by the mechanical practices of hair salons, such as use of hot devices, chemicals, burns on the scalp, very tight braids, straightening creams, caustic solutions or others that cause so-called "traction alopecia"
A compulsive psychological situation can push people to pull out their own hair, this is a disease to be treated and is called "trichotillomania"
In other cases the alopecia is a sign of a more serious underlying disease alarm, sometimes a lack of iron.
Alopecia – causes
The causes may be multiple, some genetic, but in general the following can be some of the causes:
Androgenic alopecia or male pattern baldness
Tinea or fungal infection
Repeated use of hot Combs
Compulsive loss of hair or Trichotillomania
hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism
scarcity or iron deficiency
genodermatosis / hereditary disorder
as a result of tension or stress, Telogen effluvium
Lupus Erythematosus, chronic
Excess of vitamian A or hypervitaminosis A
Pseudopelade of Brocq
Alopecia – treatments
Treatment can be medical or alternative and will be subject of an upcoming article